Objectives

The GVB is a research group that investigates on volcanoes and volcanic processes. They conduct basic research on different aspects of related to modern and ancient volcanic systems. However, the GVB also develops applied research on the fields of hazard assessment and risk management, and economic and energy resources associated with volcanoes. Specific research objectives of the GVB are:

 – Experimental and numerical modelling of volcanic and related processes oriented to the quantitative assessment of the parameters controlling volcanic processes in active areas. The aim of this task is to be able to compare between different eruptions, to simulate past events and to predict future processes of similar characteristics.

 – Determination of the pre-eruptive conditions of magmas. This action complements the previous one with experimental petrology methods and residence times of magmas studies, and aims to characterize the conditions for explosive volcanism. This task is basically developed at the SIMGEO laboratory.

 – Development of computing systems oriented to volcanic hazard assessment and risk management. This action uses the results obtained from the previous tasks and is one of the main present and future actions of the group.

 – Studies on Physical Volcanology are being carried out in areas of particular interest of Spain, such as Canary Islands, Cabo de Gata and Catalonia, and in other areas around the World (Central Andes, Antarctica, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Mexico, Ecuador, ….). We combine knowledge acquired in studies from modern and ancient volcanic terrains to develop a systematic field based methodology to reconstruct volcanic stratigraphy, structural volcanology and deposits characterisation,  aimed at defining and interpreting the volcanic history of these areas. The action is oriented to improve the scientific background on eruptive processes, and include the new concepts on the numerical modelling and the risk assessment described in previous actions.

 The GVB, besides having a wide experience in research, has also extensive experience in the training of pre- and post-doctoral researchers. Since its inception in 1990 to date have been performed within the group 27 PhD theses, two of them co-directed at foreign universities. The group also has partnerships with other national and foreign groups, allowing their members to get access to laboratories and technical facilities not available in Barcelona.

During the years, the GVB has created a world wide collaboration network including over 30 institutions distributed in more than 10 different countries including European and non-European ones. Some of the above-mentioned institutions are listed below.

Spain:
Sección de Riesgos Geológicos, IGME
Sección de Vigilancia Volcánica, IGN
Universidad de Salamanca
Universidad de Huelva
Universidad de La Laguna
Barcelona Supercomputing Center, BSC
Instituto de Geociencias, IGEO-CSIC
Universidad de Barcelona, UB
Centro Internacional de Métodos Numéricos para la Ingeniería, CIMNE
Centro de Investigación, Seguimiento y Evaluación, Parque Nacional de la Sierra de Guadarrama, Rascafría (Madrid), Spain
Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF-CSIC), Cerdanyola del Vallès, Catalonia, Spain
Centre for Hydrographical Studies (CEDEX), Madrid, Spain

Europe:
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, UK
University of Coventry, UK
University College London, UK
University of Cambridge, UK
Department of Petrology and Mineralogy, University of Munich, Germany
Dipartamento di Scienze della Terra, Universitá di Pisa, Italy
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e VulcanologiaI, INGV Pisa, Italy
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e VulcanologiaI, INGV Napoli, Italy
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e VulcanologiaI, INGV Catania, Italy
Roma Tre University, Italy
Department of Geology, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
Laboratory of Mineralogy and Petrology, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Institut de Physique du Globe, Paris, France
Laboratoire des Sciences de la Terre, CNRS, Orleans, France
Laboratoire des Sciences de la Terre, Université de la Reunion, France
University of Lisbon, Portugal
University of Iceland, Iceland

International collaborations outside Europe:

Department of Earth Sciences, Monash University, Australia
Instituto de Bio y Geociencias (IBIGEO), Argentina
Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra (CICTERRA), Argentina
Dept. Géographie & Centre d’études nordiques, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada
Universidad de Costa Rica, Costa Rica
Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, Costa Rica
Universidad Autónoma de México, UNAM, México
Massey University, New Zealand
Department of Geology, Washington State University, USA
University of Oregon, USA